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New ERPO & Red Flag Laws in Colorado

New ERPO & Red Flag Laws in Colorado

On Friday, April 12, 2019, Governor Jared Polis signed into regulation Home Invoice 1177. The gun management laws beforehand handed by only one vote within the Senate on March 28th, 2019 and was voted in by the Home of Representatives on April 1st, 2019 (out there to learn right here).

Beneath this regulation, a member of the family might petition the courtroom to briefly cease an individual that poses a big danger to themselves or others from possessing, buying, or receiving a firearm. How do they do that? With an Excessive Danger Safety Order (ERPO). Discover out what you want to find out about this new regulation and the way it can have an effect on you.

Who Might Request an ERPO?

  1. Household Member;
  2. Family Member; or
  3. Regulation Enforcement Officer or Company.

The Events Concerned

  1. Petitioner – Individual requesting the ERPO
  2. Respondent – Restrained get together

Short-term ERPO Hearings

To acquire a short lived ERPO, the method begins with a listening to.

  • The Petitioner begins the ERPO course of by submitting an affidavit signed beneath oath and penalty of perjury that states the information and proof in help of a short lived ERPO.
  • This request could also be filed with out discover to the Respondent.
  • If the Petitioner is regulation enforcement, an affidavit for a search warrant should even be filed to seek for any firearms within the possession or management of the Respondent.
  • The courtroom should maintain a short lived ERPO listening to on the identical day the petition is filed or the next day.
  • The Petitioner should set up proof by a preponderance of the proof that the Respondent poses a big danger to him or herself or others by having a firearm in his or her custody or management or by possessing, buying, or receiving a firearm.
  • The Respondent have to be served with the momentary ERPO, the petition for a short lived ERPO, and see of the persevering with ERPO listening to. If the Respondent attends the courtroom listening to, she or he should relinquish their firearms and Hid Handgun Allow (CHP) inside 24 hours of the listening to.
  • Momentary ERPO expires on the date and time of the persevering with ERPO listening to.

Persevering with ERPO Hearings

If a profitable momentary ERPO is issued, a unbroken ERPO have to be scheduled inside 2 weeks, or 14 days following the preliminary order. The petition have to be filed within the county the place the Respondent resides, and they are going to be appointed counsel by the courtroom in the event that they don’t have an lawyer. The primary purpose for this persevering with ERPO listening to is in order that the Petitioner can set up by clear and convincing proof that the Respondent poses a big danger to self or others by having a firearm of their custody or management or by possessing, buying, or receiving a firearm.

  • Elements the Courtroom Might Contemplate:
    • A current act or credible menace of violence by the Respondent whether or not or not that the act or menace concerned a firearm;
    • A sample of acts or credible threats of violence by the Respondent;
    • A violation by the Respondent of a civil safety order;
    • A earlier or present ERPO issued towards the Respondent and any violation of such;
    • A conviction of the Respondent involving home violence;
    • The Respondent’s possession, entry to, or intent to own a firearm;
    • A reputable menace of or the illegal or reckless use of a firearm by the Respondent;
    • The Respondent’s historical past relating to use, tried use, or threatened use of bodily pressure by the Respondent towards one other individual;
    • The Respondent’s historical past of stalking;
    • Prior arrests of the Respondent for crimes involving victims rights or cruelty to animals;
    • Proof of abuse of medicine or alcohol by the respondent;
    • Whether or not the Respondent is required to have a firearm for employment; and
    • Proof of current acquisition of a firearm or ammunition by the Respondent.

In the course of the listening to, each the Petitioner and the Respondent might current proof and cross-examine witnesses. The courtroom should order the Respondent to bear a psychological well being analysis and remedy, if the individual qualifies. Moreover, the courtroom might provoke emergency dedication of the Respondent, if she or he qualifies. If ordered, the persevering with ERPO stays in impact (until vacated at a subsequent listening to) for 364 days (until grounds to proceed the order are discovered).

Relinquishment of Firearms and CHP

Upon the issuance of a short lived or persevering with ERPO, a Respondent should relinquish all of their firearms.

Learn how to Relinquish

  • All firearms and CHP have to be surrendered on the time the ERPO is served.
  • Respondent then can inform the regulation enforcement officer of their selection between the next three choices:
    1. Promote or switch possession of the firearms to an FFL;
    2. Organize for storage of the firearms by a regulation enforcement company; or
    3. For vintage firearms, switch possession to a relative who doesn’t stay with the respondent after confirming, via a felony historical past verify, the relative is eligible to own a firearm.
  • Proof of Relinquishment:
    • Timing – Inside 48 hours after the issuance of an ERPO, Respondent should file proof of relinquishment and attest to the courtroom she or he doesn’t at present have any firearm OR attest to the courtroom she or he was not in any possession of firearms to relinquish.
      • If no proof or attestation is made, regulation enforcement shall be ordered to find out whether or not the Respondent violated the ERPO.
  • Hid Handgun Allow:
    • A CHP have to be surrendered to the regulation enforcement officer serving the ERPO on the time of service.
    • A CHP will instantly be revoked by the issuing county and could be reapplied for after termination or expiration of the ERPO.
  • Receipt – the regulation enforcement officer should present Respondent with a receipt figuring out all firearms or permits seized.
    • If the Petitioner or regulation enforcement notifies the courtroom that the Respondent has did not relinquish all firearms, and the courtroom determines possible trigger exists to consider this info, a search warrant might be issued.
    • Firearms the Respondent Does Not Personal – The true proprietor might request the courtroom order possession be transferred to her or him.

Movement to Terminate Persevering with ERPO

The Respondent can movement the courtroom as soon as through the 364-day ERPO for a listening to to terminate the order. If that is accomplished, the Respondent has the burden to determine by clear and convincing proof that she or he not poses a big danger of inflicting private damage to self or others by having in his or her custody or management a firearm or by buying, possessing, or receiving a firearm.

Movement to Prolong ERPO

The Petitioner might request an extension of the ERPO inside 63 days earlier than the expiration of the order. As soon as the request is made, the listening to have to be scheduled inside 14 days. Service to the Respondent is required. The Burden of Proof falls on the Petitioner to point out that the Respondent continues to pose a big danger.

The Return of Firearms

Inside three days of termination or expiration of an ERPO, the company or individual possessing Respondent’s firearms should, upon request by the Respondent, return gadgets after confirming the Respondent can legally possess a firearm by means of a felony historical past verify. If the Respondent or proprietor of the seized firearm doesn’t declare the merchandise inside one yr of the termination or expiration of the ERPO, regulation enforcement might eliminate the merchandise.

ERPO Reporting

  • All ERPO are entered right into a statewide judicial info system on the identical day of the order.
  • All orders are forwarded to Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the county regulation enforcement company;
  • CBI is ordered to enter the ERPO into the Nationwide Prompt Felony Background Verify System (NICS).
  • The State Courtroom Administrator should additionally report state courtroom knowledge associated to all individuals who’re topic to ERPO which are later charged with a felony offense.
  • Expungement – ERPO’s are expunged from the varied methods after expiration or termination.
  • An ERPO doesn’t represent a discovering that a Respondent is prohibited to own a firearm beneath Federal Regulation.

Penalties for Violating an ERPO and Collateral Penalties

  • If a Respondent violates an ERPO, it’s a Class Two Misdemeanor legal offense.
  • A Petitioner who information a malicious or false petition could also be topic to felony prosecution


  • Query: What do you do in case you are served with an ERPO, relinquish your firearms, then understand you’re nonetheless in possession of a firearm?
    • Reply: Instantly have the firearm eliminated out of your possession or management and call an lawyer.
  • Query: What if a partner or different individual in my residence owns a firearm and I’m topic to an ERPO?
    • Reply: Greatest apply is to have that individual take away the firearm from the house or switch possession to somebody outdoors of the house so you aren’t accused of being in constructive possession of the firearm.
  • Query: I’ve been served with an ERPO, what ought to I do subsequent?
    • Reply: Adjust to the regulation enforcement officer serving the ERPO, together with any search warrant they’ve obtained. DO NOT make any further statements. Contact an lawyer instantly.
  • Query: An ERPO was issued towards me. Is it potential to terminate the order previous to the expiration date?
  • Query: An ERPO was issued towards me. Can I’m going searching or to the vary if I don’t personal the firearms that will probably be used?
    • Reply: No. An ERPO prohibits the possession (which has a broad authorized definition) of any firearm.
  • Query: The ERPO has expired. How do I get my weapons/CHP again?
    • Reply: You have to declare possession of your firearms inside one yr of expiration or termination of the ERPO, or they are going to be disposed of.

These gun-seizing purple flag legal guidelines have been spreading throughout the nation because the Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty capturing final yr in Parkland, Florida. 9 states added their very own variations of the regulation final yr, bringing the variety of states with pink flag legal guidelines to 14 (as of February 2019), with a number of extra states’ legislatures contemplating comparable laws.

When you have any questions on this regulation or others, contact U.S. LawShield and ask to talk to your Unbiased Program Lawyer.